Pest Library - Bats, Spiders, Rodents and Other Pests Homepage

Got ants in your pantry but don't know what kind they are? If you want to know what some of the crazy varieties of ants look like - including the crazy ant itself - you've come to the right place.

library-other-mosquito11

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Prefers wooded and watery areas

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

Typically, both male and female mosquitoes feed on nectar and plant juices, but in many species the mouthparts of the females are adapted for piercing the skin of animal hosts and sucking their blood as ectoparasites. Both plant materials and blood are useful sources of energy in the form of sugars, and blood also supplies more concentrated nutrients, such as lipids, but the most important function of blood meals is to obtain proteins as materials for egg production.

DISTRIBUTION

Throughout the United States and the world
black_widow1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Settles in higher places with a silky web and in dry, protected areas after web is left, barns, outhouses, sheds, etc.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

Spins a silky web to capture prey. Bites with a neurotoxin venom. Female is usually shy but becomes aggressive after egg laying and while guarding the eggs.

DISTRIBUTION

Throughout the United States and the world.
cat_flea1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Found typically where animals sleep or freuqent because larve live in areas of high moisture.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

Known for their discomforting bites and for transmitting the plague and other infectious diseases. May be a problem for those with or without pets do to their jumping abilities. Ususally finds host to attach to and live off of.

DISTRIBUTION

Throughout the United States and the world.
carpenter_bees1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Females prefer to excavate nest tunnels in exposed, unfinished wood, but are not limited to it.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

Adults overwinter in old nest tunnels and excavate new tunnels in the spring. Development from egg to adult takes roughly five weeks. Males do not have a stinger, although females do, but is rarely used.

DISTRIBUTION

Are found in the eastern United States.
scorpion1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Scorpions prefer to live in areas where the temperatures range from 20 to 37 °C (68 to 99 °F), but may survive freezing temperatures to the desert heat. They are nocturnal and fossorial, finding shelter during the day in the relative cool of underground holes or undersides of rocks and coming out at night to hunt and feed.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

They usually hid in or behind something in the day to conserve water. Scorpions mostly feed on insects. A scorpion’s sting contains a neurotoxin venom that may result in death from allergies or respiratory paralysis. Though the scorpion has a fearsome reputation as venomous, only about 25 out of 1,752 species are known to have venom capable of killing a human being.

DISTRIBUTION

South and southwest United States.
silverfish1

HABITAT

All silverfish species hide during the day and prefer to hide or rest in right cracks or crevices. They can be found almost anywhere in a house including living rooms, bedrooms, bathroom, attics, basements and garages. Silverfish can also infest commercial structures such as offices, stores, and libraries. They tend to roam quite some distance while searching for food, but once they find a satisfactory food source, they remain close to it.

BIOLOGY

Silverfish can survive for weeks without food or water. They prefer areas of room temperature and high relative humidity. They prefer proteins to carbohydrates and are cannibalistic. Silverfish are often introduced into building via cardboard cartons of books and papers from an infested location. They are pest of paper, particularly of glazed paper and paper with wallpaper paste, etc. Silverfish eat proteins such as dried beef and dead or injured of their kind.

DISTRIBUTION

Silverfish are found throughout the U.S. and the world.
earwig1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Stays outside in protected situations in winter otherwise it buries itself in the ground. Nocturnal insects that feed on dead plants and/or insects.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

Known for distinct odor that is released when they are crushed. Occasionally kills vegetables, flowers, fruits, and trees.

DISTRIBUTION

Throughout the United States and the world.
stink_bug1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

For Green Stink Bugs, host plants include mainly orange trees, cherry trees, soybean, and apple trees. They cause significant damage to gardens and farms for they mostly remain unnoticed by the farmers on account of their green color. Furthermore, they use green plant not only as a food but also as a safe haven during their breeding period. Here they lay eggs on host plants in an excessive number and increase their race. For Brown Stink Bugs, their major hosts include maple, birch, serviceberry, catalpa, butterfly bush, pecan, redbud, hackberry, pepper, dogwood, citrus, cucumber, tomato, sunflower, apple, pear, plum, and grape. Brown stink bugs use their proboscis to suck the host plants and resultantly they not only create necrotic areas on the surface of fruits but also even cause seed loss and transfer of plant pathogens.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

The name stink bug derives from their tendency to eject a foul smelling glandular substance secreted from pores in the thorax when disturbed; in some species the liquid contains cyanide compounds with a rancid almond scent. This is a form of antipredator adaptation.

DISTRIBUTION

Southern United States
gnat1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Gnats thrive outside when conditions are both moist and warm. However, due to their small size and ability to both reproduce quickly and in many situations, gnats can easily be found thriving inside mostly any structure.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

The adult stage is the one, which people find to be so annoying and persistent. Eye gnats will regularly land on or around ones eye and nose; black flies or buffalo gnats will land anywhere they can find skin on which to suck blood. Essentially that is all the females want; blood. They will seek this from any mammal they can find and people will often times be their prime target.

DISTRIBUTION

Gnats are prevalent throughout most of the world.
library-other-bat11

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Thirteen species of bats live in Florida year round. All twilight and free-tailed bats from eastern North America are insect eaters and can be divided into two groups: those that spend a portion of the year in caves and those that roost in other structures. When caves and trees are scarce, bats may roost in man made structures such as buildings, bridges, culverts, and bat houses.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

Although most bats are insect eaters, some bats specialize in eating other items such as fruit, nectar and pollen, vertebrates, and even blood. All bats resident in Florida eat insects, but a few of the species that occasionally show up in south Florida feed on fruit, nectar, and pollen.
riceweevil1

HABITAT/ WOOD PREFERENCE

Since the larvae are subterranean, they are rarely seen. Adults are typically nocturnal and remain concealed on the plant or in the litter or soil during the daytime. All weevils will enter structures when conditions outdoors become adverse.

BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

They mostly spend the winter as almost-mature larvae in the soil among the host plant’s roots. They pupate in the spring near the soil surface. Adults emerge from early May to late July.

DISTRIBUTION

Weevils are found throughout most of the U.S. and Canada.

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